International Labour Organization



International Labour Organization (ILO), the first specialized agency of the United Nations, was established in 1919 in order to deal with issues regarding the rights of employees, international labour standards, enhancement of decent employment opportunities, social dialogue between employers, workers and governments, improvement of labour conditions and living standards. ILO is consisted of three main bodies, the International Labour Office, Governing Body and International Labour Conference. The system ILO has adopted, the tripartite system, brings governments, employers and workers of 187 states to an area in which equal rights are given to express themselves freely and vote independently, which makes negotiations more comprehensive and solutions more elaborate and influential. It is an calculated number that 40.3 million people are currently in modern slavery,including 24.9 in forced labour and 15.4 million in constrained marriage. It signifies that there are 5.4 victims of modern slavery for every 1,000 people in the world. 1 in 4 victims of modern slavery are children. Out of the 24.9 million people taken into forced labour, 16 million people are victimized in the private sector such as but not limited to domestic work, construction or agriculture; 4.8 million people in forced sexual explotiation, and 4 million people in forced labour imposed by state authorities. Women and girls are exceedingly obsessed by forced labour, accounting for 99% of victims in the commercial sex industry, and 58% in other sectors. Also fundamental rights of employees at work stands for as our second agenda item, Since their rights have been flagrantly violated for decades. In addition, migrant workers’ rights are also abused as at present there are approximately 232 million migrants around the world, representing 3,1 per cent of the global population, bearing this in mind, migrant workers contribute to the economies of their host countries, and the remittances they send home help to boost the economies of their countries of origin. Yet at the same time migrant workers rarely get social security, encounter inequalities in the labour market and are vulnerable to exploitation and human trafficking. Our delegates will be dealing with these two issues regarding employment that we encounter in these days. International Labour Organization (ILO) Committee will find solutions for the employees!

Agenda items:

  1. Strengthening measures to eradicate forced labour.
  2. Reshaping the fundamental rights of workers.